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The Federalist Papers

The Federalist Papers were written and published during the years 1787 and 1788 in several New York State newspapers to persuade New York voters to ratify the proposed constitution.

In total, the Federalist Papers consist of 85 essays outlining how this new government would operate and why this type of government was the best choice for the United States of America. All of the essays were signed 'PUBLIUS' and the actual authors of some are under dispute, but the general consensus is that Alexander Hamilton wrote 52, James Madison wrote 28, and John Jay contributed the remaining 5.

The Federalist Papers remain today as an excellent reference for anyone who wants to understand the U.S. Constitution.

The Importance of the Union (1-14)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton
General Introduction
John Jay
Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
John Jay
Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence (con't)
John Jay
Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence (con't)
John Jay
Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
The Consequences of Hostilities Between the States
Alexander Hamilton
The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
James Madison
The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy
Alexander Hamilton
The Utility of the Union In Respect to Revenue
Alexander Hamilton
Advantage of the Union in Respect to Economy in Government
James Madison
Objections to the Proposed Constitution From Extent of Territory Answered

Defects of the Articles of Confederation (15-22)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton
The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
Alexander Hamilton
The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Insufficiency fo the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Other Defects of the Present Confederation
Alexander Hamilton
Other Defects of the Present Confederation (con't)

Arguments for the Type of Government Contained in the Constitution (23-36)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton
The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union
Alexander Hamilton
The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered
Alexander Hamilton
The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
Alexander Hamilton
The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the Militia
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the General Power of Taxation (con't)b

The Republican Form of Government (37-51)

 Title
Author
About
James Madison
Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government
James Madison
The Same Subject Continued, and the Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed
James Madison
The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles
James Madison
The Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained
James Madison
General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution
James Madison
The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered
James Madison
The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered (con't)
James Madison
Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States
James Madison
The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered
James Madison
The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared
James Madison
The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts
James Madison
These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other
Alexander Hamilton or James Madison
Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
Periodical Appeals to the People Considered
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments

The Legislative Branch (52-66)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The House of Representatives
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The House of Representatives (con't)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Apportionment of Members Among the States
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Total Number of the House of Representatives
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Total Number of the House of Representatives (con't)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Alleged Tendency of the New Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many Considered in Connection with Representation
James Madison
Objection That The Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented as the Progress of Population Demands Considered
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members (con't)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Senate
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
The Senate (con't)
John Jay
The Powers of the Senate
Alexander Hamilton
The Powers of the Senate (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered

The Executive Branch (67-77)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton
The Executive Department
Alexander Hamilton
The Mode of Electing the President
Alexander Hamilton
The Real Character of the Executive
Alexander Hamilton
The Executive Department Further Considered
Alexander Hamilton
The Duration in Office of the Executive
Alexander Hamilton
The Same Subject Continued, and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered
Alexander Hamilton
The Provision For The Support of the Executive, and the Veto Power
Alexander Hamilton
The Command of the Military and Naval Forces, and the Pardoning Power of the Executive
Alexander Hamilton
The Treaty-Making Power of the Executive
Alexander Hamilton
The Appointing Power of the Executive
Alexander Hamilton
The Appointing Power Continued and Other Powers of the Executive Considered

The Judicial Branch (78-83)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton
The Judiciary Department
Alexander Hamilton
The Judiciary (con't)
Alexander Hamilton
The Powers of the Judiciary
Alexander Hamilton
The Judiciary Continued, and the Distribution of the Judicial Authority
Alexander Hamilton
The Judiciary Continued
Alexander Hamilton
The Judiciary Continued in Relation to Trial by Jury

Conclusions and Miscellaneous Ideas (84-85)

 Title
Author
About
Alexander Hamilton
Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered


Alexander Hamilton
Concluding Remarks


"...upon this rock I will build My church..." Matt.16:18


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